The discussion section is that it is characterized by a series of points, rather than facts as in the results section (Swales and Feaks, 2004). These points are interpretive rather than descriptive as in the factual reporting in the results section。
Compared to the results section, it tends to be: more abstract,
general, theoretical, related to the real world, concerned with
practical applications and implications, as well as engaged in dialogue
with the larger field of study (Swales and Feaks, 2004). The discussion section is where you will draw
out, delineate and consolidate the meaning of the results, as well as
tactfully dialogue with the broader community of your field and attempt
to build community consensus on the meaning of your findings (Swales and Feaks, 2004)
in general, (over all, on average, by and large, on the whole, etc.) we found that..........
it may be helpful to think of the discussion as a story, and like other clear and coherent stories, the discussion has a beginning, middle and end (Zeiger, 1999)。
In the beginning of the story, you will introduce the reader to your
original purpose, and then name your major findings and present results
that support these findings.
In the middle, you may show how other work supports your findings;
report unexpected results; report on the novelty of the your work;
explain conflicting results; suggest why your results are the way they
are; explain how results of other studies do not agree with your
findings, as well as defending your proposed answer against other
possible answers to your main research question.
At the end of the story, you may also discuss the limits of the
method and validity of the assumptions as well as describing
applications or implications of your findings.
以上就是很概括的描述了写一个讨论部分需要“keep in mind” 的概念。希望对我们写好英语论文都有点帮助。